Vineyards exuded steamy scent from the grapes nearly bursting their skin. The Irouleguy domaine was planted by Roncevaux monks in the 11th or 14th centuries, depending on which source you consult. After the phylloxera crisis, the region declined. Production improved after World War II; by 1970, Irouleguy attained the coveted A.O.C. (appellation d’origine côntrolée). The red varieties are cabernet franc, tannat and sauvignon.